Drug & Alcohol Clearinghouse
What is a refusal?
Drivers who are required to comply with Part 382 may not refuse to take a DOT drug or alcohol test. Refusals are reported to the Clearinghouse by either the motor carrier or the medical review officer (MRO) and include all of the following:
- Failing to appear or showing up late for the test (not including pre-employment tests).
- Refusing to provide a breath or urine specimen.
- Failing to stay at the testing site until the testing process is done (except in the case of a pre-employment test where the driver leaves the testing site before the testing process commences).
- Failing to submit enough saliva or breath if a physician determines that there is no medical explanation for a driver’s failure to provide enough breath or urine.
- Failing to cooperate with any part of the testing process.
- Failing to allow observation or monitoring of a urine collection, when required.
- Failing or declining to take an additional drug test as directed by the employer or collector.
- Admitting to adulterating or substituting the urine specimen.
A refusal to test carries the same consequences as a failed drug or alcohol test: removal from safety-sensitive functions and completion of the SAP evaluation and return-to-duty process and follow-up testing.
Test Your Knowledge
Directions: Read each statement or question carefully and mark the best answer.
1. Drivers who fail to appear for a drug test can make up the test later in the week.
2. If a physician determines that a driver’s failure to produce enough urine for a drug test was caused by a medical condition, the test will not count as a refusal.
3. If a driver is directed to retake a drug test by the carrier, and the driver refuses, it will be reported to the Clearinghouse as a refusal to test.
4. Which of the following does not count as a refusal to test?
A. Failing to show up for a pre-employment drug test
B. Refusing to follow directions at the collection center
C. Leaving the testing site without completing the testing process
D. A and B
5. Which of the following report(s) refusals to the Clearinghouse?
A. Motor carriers
B. Substance abuse professionals
C. Medical review officers
D. A and C
Answers to quiz:
1.) B 2.) A 3.) A 4.) A 5.) D